Mirror of roytam1's UXP fork just in case Moonchild and Tobin decide to go after him
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README.rst

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/dm/psutil.svg
:target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/psutil#downloads
:alt: Downloads this month

.. image:: https://api.travis-ci.org/giampaolo/psutil.png?branch=master
:target: https://travis-ci.org/giampaolo/psutil
:alt: Linux tests (Travis)

.. image:: https://ci.appveyor.com/api/projects/status/qdwvw7v1t915ywr5/branch/master?svg=true
:target: https://ci.appveyor.com/project/giampaolo/psutil
:alt: Windows tests (Appveyor)

.. image:: https://coveralls.io/repos/giampaolo/psutil/badge.svg?branch=master&service=github
:target: https://coveralls.io/github/giampaolo/psutil?branch=master
:alt: Test coverage (coverall.io)

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/psutil.svg
:target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/psutil/
:alt: Latest version

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/github/stars/giampaolo/psutil.svg
:target: https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/
:alt: Github stars

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/scrutinizer/g/giampaolo/psutil.svg
:target: https://scrutinizer-ci.com/g/giampaolo/psutil/
:alt: Code quality (scrutinizer-ci.com)

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/l/psutil.svg
:target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/psutil/
:alt: License

===========
Quick links
===========

- `Home page <https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil>`_
- `Documentation <http://pythonhosted.org/psutil/>`_
- `Installation <https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/blob/master/INSTALL.rst>`_
- `Download <https://pypi.python.org/pypi?:action=display&name=psutil#downloads>`_
- `Forum <http://groups.google.com/group/psutil/topics>`_
- `Blog <http://grodola.blogspot.com/search/label/psutil>`_
- `Development guide <https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/blob/master/DEVGUIDE.rst>`_
- `What's new <https://github.com/giampaolo/psutil/blob/master/HISTORY.rst>`_

=======
Summary
=======

psutil (python system and process utilities) is a cross-platform library for
retrieving information on **running processes** and **system utilization**
(CPU, memory, disks, network) in Python. It is useful mainly for **system
monitoring**, **profiling and limiting process resources** and **management of
running processes**. It implements many functionalities offered by command line
tools such as: ps, top, lsof, netstat, ifconfig, who, df, kill, free, nice,
ionice, iostat, iotop, uptime, pidof, tty, taskset, pmap. It currently supports
**Linux, Windows, OSX, FreeBSD** and **Sun Solaris**, both **32-bit** and
**64-bit** architectures, with Python versions from **2.6 to 3.5** (users of
Python 2.4 and 2.5 may use `2.1.3 <https://pypi.python.org/pypi?name=psutil&version=2.1.3&:action=files>`__ version).
`PyPy <http://pypy.org/>`__ is also known to work.

====================
Example applications
====================

.. image:: http://psutil.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/images/top-thumb.png
:target: http://psutil.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/images/top.png
:alt: top

.. image:: http://psutil.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/images/nettop-thumb.png
:target: http://psutil.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/images/nettop.png
:alt: nettop

.. image:: http://psutil.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/images/iotop-thumb.png
:target: http://psutil.googlecode.com/svn/wiki/images/iotop.png
:alt: iotop

See also:

* https://github.com/nicolargo/glances
* https://github.com/google/grr
* https://github.com/Jahaja/psdash

==============
Example usages
==============

CPU
===

.. code-block:: python

>>> import psutil
>>> psutil.cpu_times()
scputimes(user=3961.46, nice=169.729, system=2150.659, idle=16900.540, iowait=629.59, irq=0.0, softirq=19.42, steal=0.0, guest=0, nice=0.0)
>>>
>>> for x in range(3):
... psutil.cpu_percent(interval=1)
...
4.0
5.9
3.8
>>>
>>> for x in range(3):
... psutil.cpu_percent(interval=1, percpu=True)
...
[4.0, 6.9, 3.7, 9.2]
[7.0, 8.5, 2.4, 2.1]
[1.2, 9.0, 9.9, 7.2]
>>>
>>>
>>> for x in range(3):
... psutil.cpu_times_percent(interval=1, percpu=False)
...
scputimes(user=1.5, nice=0.0, system=0.5, idle=96.5, iowait=1.5, irq=0.0, softirq=0.0, steal=0.0, guest=0.0, guest_nice=0.0)
scputimes(user=1.0, nice=0.0, system=0.0, idle=99.0, iowait=0.0, irq=0.0, softirq=0.0, steal=0.0, guest=0.0, guest_nice=0.0)
scputimes(user=2.0, nice=0.0, system=0.0, idle=98.0, iowait=0.0, irq=0.0, softirq=0.0, steal=0.0, guest=0.0, guest_nice=0.0)
>>>
>>> psutil.cpu_count()
4
>>> psutil.cpu_count(logical=False)
2
>>>

Memory
======

.. code-block:: python

>>> psutil.virtual_memory()
svmem(total=8374149120, available=2081050624, percent=75.1, used=8074080256, free=300068864, active=3294920704, inactive=1361616896, buffers=529895424, cached=1251086336)
>>> psutil.swap_memory()
sswap(total=2097147904, used=296128512, free=1801019392, percent=14.1, sin=304193536, sout=677842944)
>>>

Disks
=====

.. code-block:: python

>>> psutil.disk_partitions()
[sdiskpart(device='/dev/sda1', mountpoint='/', fstype='ext4', opts='rw,nosuid'),
sdiskpart(device='/dev/sda2', mountpoint='/home', fstype='ext, opts='rw')]
>>>
>>> psutil.disk_usage('/')
sdiskusage(total=21378641920, used=4809781248, free=15482871808, percent=22.5)
>>>
>>> psutil.disk_io_counters(perdisk=False)
sdiskio(read_count=719566, write_count=1082197, read_bytes=18626220032, write_bytes=24081764352, read_time=5023392, write_time=63199568)
>>>

Network
=======

.. code-block:: python

>>> psutil.net_io_counters(pernic=True)
{'eth0': netio(bytes_sent=485291293, bytes_recv=6004858642, packets_sent=3251564, packets_recv=4787798, errin=0, errout=0, dropin=0, dropout=0),
'lo': netio(bytes_sent=2838627, bytes_recv=2838627, packets_sent=30567, packets_recv=30567, errin=0, errout=0, dropin=0, dropout=0)}
>>>
>>> psutil.net_connections()
[pconn(fd=115, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 48776), raddr=('93.186.135.91', 80), status='ESTABLISHED', pid=1254),
pconn(fd=117, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 43761), raddr=('72.14.234.100', 80), status='CLOSING', pid=2987),
pconn(fd=-1, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 60759), raddr=('72.14.234.104', 80), status='ESTABLISHED', pid=None),
pconn(fd=-1, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 51314), raddr=('72.14.234.83', 443), status='SYN_SENT', pid=None)
...]
>>>
>>> psutil.net_if_addrs()
{'lo': [snic(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, address='127.0.0.1', netmask='255.0.0.0', broadcast='127.0.0.1'),
snic(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET6: 10>, address='::1', netmask='ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff', broadcast=None),
snic(family=<AddressFamily.AF_LINK: 17>, address='00:00:00:00:00:00', netmask=None, broadcast='00:00:00:00:00:00')],
'wlan0': [snic(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, address='192.168.1.3', netmask='255.255.255.0', broadcast='192.168.1.255'),
snic(family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET6: 10>, address='fe80::c685:8ff:fe45:641%wlan0', netmask='ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff::', broadcast=None),
snic(family=<AddressFamily.AF_LINK: 17>, address='c4:85:08:45:06:41', netmask=None, broadcast='ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff')]}
>>>
>>> psutil.net_if_stats()
{'eth0': snicstats(isup=True, duplex=<NicDuplex.NIC_DUPLEX_FULL: 2>, speed=100, mtu=1500),
'lo': snicstats(isup=True, duplex=<NicDuplex.NIC_DUPLEX_UNKNOWN: 0>, speed=0, mtu=65536)}

Other system info
=================

.. code-block:: python

>>> psutil.users()
[user(name='giampaolo', terminal='pts/2', host='localhost', started=1340737536.0),
user(name='giampaolo', terminal='pts/3', host='localhost', started=1340737792.0)]
>>>
>>> psutil.boot_time()
1365519115.0
>>>

Process management
==================

.. code-block:: python

>>> import psutil
>>> psutil.pids()
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 46, 48, 50, 51, 178, 182, 222, 223, 224,
268, 1215, 1216, 1220, 1221, 1243, 1244, 1301, 1601, 2237, 2355,
2637, 2774, 3932, 4176, 4177, 4185, 4187, 4189, 4225, 4243, 4245,
4263, 4282, 4306, 4311, 4312, 4313, 4314, 4337, 4339, 4357, 4358,
4363, 4383, 4395, 4408, 4433, 4443, 4445, 4446, 5167, 5234, 5235,
5252, 5318, 5424, 5644, 6987, 7054, 7055, 7071]
>>>
>>> p = psutil.Process(7055)
>>> p.name()
'python'
>>> p.exe()
'/usr/bin/python'
>>> p.cwd()
'/home/giampaolo'
>>> p.cmdline()
['/usr/bin/python', 'main.py']
>>>
>>> p.status()
'running'
>>> p.username()
'giampaolo'
>>> p.create_time()
1267551141.5019531
>>> p.terminal()
'/dev/pts/0'
>>>
>>> p.uids()
puids(real=1000, effective=1000, saved=1000)
>>> p.gids()
pgids(real=1000, effective=1000, saved=1000)
>>>
>>> p.cpu_times()
pcputimes(user=1.02, system=0.31)
>>> p.cpu_percent(interval=1.0)
12.1
>>> p.cpu_affinity()
[0, 1, 2, 3]
>>> p.cpu_affinity([0]) # set
>>>
>>> p.memory_percent()
0.63423
>>>
>>> p.memory_info()
pmem(rss=7471104, vms=68513792)
>>> p.memory_info_ex()
extmem(rss=9662464, vms=49192960, shared=3612672, text=2564096, lib=0, data=5754880, dirty=0)
>>> p.memory_maps()
[pmmap_grouped(path='/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libutil-2.15.so', rss=16384, anonymous=8192, swap=0),
pmmap_grouped(path='/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc-2.15.so', rss=6384, anonymous=15, swap=0),
pmmap_grouped(path='/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libcrypto.so.1.0.0', rss=34124, anonymous=1245, swap=0),
pmmap_grouped(path='[heap]', rss=54653, anonymous=8192, swap=0),
pmmap_grouped(path='[stack]', rss=1542, anonymous=166, swap=0),
...]
>>>
>>> p.io_counters()
pio(read_count=478001, write_count=59371, read_bytes=700416, write_bytes=69632)
>>>
>>> p.open_files()
[popenfile(path='/home/giampaolo/svn/psutil/somefile', fd=3)]
>>>
>>> p.connections()
[pconn(fd=115, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 48776), raddr=('93.186.135.91', 80), status='ESTABLISHED'),
pconn(fd=117, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 43761), raddr=('72.14.234.100', 80), status='CLOSING'),
pconn(fd=119, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 60759), raddr=('72.14.234.104', 80), status='ESTABLISHED'),
pconn(fd=123, family=<AddressFamily.AF_INET: 2>, type=<SocketType.SOCK_STREAM: 1>, laddr=('10.0.0.1', 51314), raddr=('72.14.234.83', 443), status='SYN_SENT')]
>>>
>>> p.num_threads()
4
>>> p.num_fds()
8
>>> p.threads()
[pthread(id=5234, user_time=22.5, system_time=9.2891),
pthread(id=5235, user_time=0.0, system_time=0.0),
pthread(id=5236, user_time=0.0, system_time=0.0),
pthread(id=5237, user_time=0.0707, system_time=1.1)]
>>>
>>> p.num_ctx_switches()
pctxsw(voluntary=78, involuntary=19)
>>>
>>> p.nice()
0
>>> p.nice(10) # set
>>>
>>> p.ionice(psutil.IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE) # IO priority (Win and Linux only)
>>> p.ionice()
pionice(ioclass=<IOPriority.IOPRIO_CLASS_IDLE: 3>, value=0)
>>>
>>> p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE, (5, 5)) # set resource limits (Linux only)
>>> p.rlimit(psutil.RLIMIT_NOFILE)
(5, 5)
>>>
>>> p.suspend()
>>> p.resume()
>>>
>>> p.terminate()
>>> p.wait(timeout=3)
0
>>>
>>> psutil.test()
USER PID %CPU %MEM VSZ RSS TTY START TIME COMMAND
root 1 0.0 0.0 24584 2240 Jun17 00:00 init
root 2 0.0 0.0 0 0 Jun17 00:00 kthreadd
root 3 0.0 0.0 0 0 Jun17 00:05 ksoftirqd/0
...
giampaolo 31475 0.0 0.0 20760 3024 /dev/pts/0 Jun19 00:00 python2.4
giampaolo 31721 0.0 2.2 773060 181896 00:04 10:30 chrome
root 31763 0.0 0.0 0 0 00:05 00:00 kworker/0:1
>>>

Further process APIs
====================

.. code-block:: python

>>> for p in psutil.process_iter():
... print(p)
...
psutil.Process(pid=1, name='init')
psutil.Process(pid=2, name='kthreadd')
psutil.Process(pid=3, name='ksoftirqd/0')
...
>>>
>>> def on_terminate(proc):
... print("process {} terminated".format(proc))
...
>>> # waits for multiple processes to terminate
>>> gone, alive = psutil.wait_procs(procs_list, 3, callback=on_terminate)
>>>

======
Donate
======

A lot of time and effort went into making psutil as it is right now.
If you feel psutil is useful to you or your business and want to support its future development please consider donating me (`Giampaolo Rodola' <http://grodola.blogspot.com/p/about.html>`_) some money.
I only ask for a small donation, but of course I appreciate any amount.

.. image:: http://www.paypal.com/en_US/i/btn/x-click-but04.gif
:target: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=A9ZS7PKKRM3S8
:alt: Donate via PayPal

Don't want to donate money? Then maybe you could `write me a recommendation on Linkedin <http://www.linkedin.com/in/grodola>`_.

============
Mailing list
============

http://groups.google.com/group/psutil/

========
Timeline
========

- 2015-07-15: `psutil-3.1.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-3.1.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2015-07-15: `psutil-3.1.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-3.1.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2015-06-18: `psutil-3.0.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-3.0.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2015-06-13: `psutil-3.0.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-3.0.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2015-02-02: `psutil-2.2.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.2.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2015-01-06: `psutil-2.2.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.2.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2014-09-26: `psutil-2.1.3.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.1.3.tar.gz>`_
- 2014-09-21: `psutil-2.1.2.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.1.2.tar.gz>`_
- 2014-04-30: `psutil-2.1.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.1.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2014-04-08: `psutil-2.1.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.1.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2014-03-10: `psutil-2.0.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-2.0.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-11-25: `psutil-1.2.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.2.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-11-20: `psutil-1.2.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.2.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-11-07: `psutil-1.1.3.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.1.3.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-10-22: `psutil-1.1.2.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.1.2.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-10-08: `psutil-1.1.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.1.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-09-28: `psutil-1.1.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.1.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-07-12: `psutil-1.0.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.0.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-07-10: `psutil-1.0.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-1.0.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-05-03: `psutil-0.7.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.7.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2013-04-12: `psutil-0.7.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.7.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2012-08-16: `psutil-0.6.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.6.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2012-08-13: `psutil-0.6.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.6.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2012-06-29: `psutil-0.5.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.5.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2012-06-27: `psutil-0.5.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.5.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2011-12-14: `psutil-0.4.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.4.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2011-10-29: `psutil-0.4.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.4.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2011-07-08: `psutil-0.3.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.3.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2011-03-20: `psutil-0.2.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.2.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2010-11-13: `psutil-0.2.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.2.0.tar.gz>`_
- 2010-03-02: `psutil-0.1.3.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.1.3.tar.gz>`_
- 2009-05-06: `psutil-0.1.2.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.1.2.tar.gz>`_
- 2009-03-06: `psutil-0.1.1.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.1.1.tar.gz>`_
- 2009-01-27: `psutil-0.1.0.tar.gz <https://pypi.python.org/packages/source/p/psutil/psutil-0.1.0.tar.gz>`_